Ushuaia is to be found on the southern coast of the island of Tierra del Fuego. It is located in a wide bay which is guarded to the north by the impressive Martial mountain range and to its south by the Beagle Channel.
Ushuaia used to be based around a prison that was used to house serious criminals. The Argentine government had established this prison copying the example of the British who were using Australia as a penal colony and the French with their Devil’s Island; escape was considered to be pretty much impossible. Therefore, the prisoners were very useful as colonists with no choice but to be there. The unfortunates spent much of their time felling timber in the forest around the prison. This was used for building the town and a railway to the settlement. This railway is now one of the city’s major tourist attractions as it is the southernmost railway in the world and is called the End of the World Train or Tren del Fin del Mundo.