There is nothing like the sound of steel bands, carnival, and calypso music; everything you will find when you visit the islands of Trinidad and Tobago in the Caribbean. Located off the coast of Venezuela, these sister islands are separated by twenty miles of warm, blue waters. Trinidad is a bustling island, oil-rich and modern, while Tobago is the opposite; laid back, lush, fertile, and with many different types of beach to explore. Both islands, however, have been embroiled in invasions and conquests since their discovery by Christopher Columbus in 1498 and it wasn’t until 1962 that Trinidad gained its independence, with Tobago following in 1987.
If one were to fly over the islands, they would notice the great geographical differences between the two. Trinidad, as compared to her lush and fertile sister Tobago, is dominated by the Northern Range of mountains at the head of the island. These mountains overlook the capital city of Port of Spain. The centre of the island is low and flat, with agricultural areas that are still used today. The north and east coasts have luxurious beaches and the west coast of the island is the home of the Caroni swamps and their bird sanctuary which is inhabited by the scarlet ibis.