Tallinn, Estonia’s capital and its largest city, was under Soviet rule until its collapse. Tallinn sits on the banks of the Baltic Sea and is now a major thoroughfare for cruise ships and ferries, and has become a great place for tourism too. As the cruise ships dock, the passengers can come into the city and visit some of the many palaces, churches, museums and towers that Tallinn has to offer.
The palaces are vast and their history ranges from medieval times to the early 20th century. The most famous of these Tallinn castles is the Toompea Castle. This castle was built in stages from the medieval times up through the 20th century. It is believed that there was a wooden fortress on its grounds in the 9th century that was conquered in 1219 by the Danes. After that and until 1710, the castle was occupied by foreign rulers and royalty. In 1710, the castle was taken over by Russian Tsars, and Catherine the Great ordered an addition to the building to house the Estonian Administration. This building was completed in 1773 and still stands as part of the complex today. Building at the complex continued until the early 1900s.