Sitka, the largest city in the entire US, area wise (four times the size of Rhode Island), sits on the western shore of the island of Baranof in the Alexander Archipelago in southeast Alaska. It was founded in 1799 by Alexander Baranof, the Russian explorer. Soon Sitka was embroiled in a fierce battle for control between the Tlingit Indians, who wanted Sitka because it was their ancestral land and the Russians led by Baranof, who did not want to let go of their new conquest. In 1804 Baranof won decisively and made Sitka the capital of Russian America. In 1867 the US purchased Alaska. The capital however moved to Juneau in 1906 because of the explosive population growth following the discovery of gold. Sitka is a Tlingit Indian name meaning, “People on the outside of Shee,” the latter being the Tlingit name of Baranof.