San Francisco is located approximately midway along California’s coastline. Besides being a coastal city, it also encompasses San Francisco Bay, as well as several nearby islands, including the infamous Alcatraz Island. Home to over a quarter of a million people, San Francisco is located within the San Francisco Bay Area megalopolis, which over 7 million people call home. San Francisco is world-renowned for its cable cars, the Golden Gate Bridge, and, more recently, the nearby Californian vineyards.
San Francisco, located on the Pacific Ocean, is also known for its fog. The warm land temperatures situated beside the ocean create coastal fog. As a result, the temperatures near the water can be several degrees cooler than they are further inland. Average temperatures range from a summertime 70 degrees Fahrenheit to a winter average in the 50s. Snow falls very, very rarely.