Portsmouth is a city on the South Coast of England, in the county of Hampshire; it is generally known by its nickname, “Pompey”. Portsmouth made its name as a naval port and is also the location for the oldest ‘dry dock’ in the world, which is still used to this day.
The earliest known history of the port dates back to pre Roman times, although most of these records were destroyed in the Norman Conquest of 1066. Portsmouth is one of the main ports for the Royal Navy in Britain. Some of their most famous ships can be found in the dockyard, such as the “HMS Victory” and the Mary Rose, Henry VIII’s flagship, which sank off the coast and was raised by the Navy in 1982. These ships are part of the Royal Naval Museum and are preserved in immaculate condition. Visitors are allowed to walk onto the HMS Victory, where they can discover what it was like to be a naval officer during the 1800’s. There are also many artefacts and exhibits charting the history of the Royal Navy and its noted figures, including the Battle of Trafalgar and one of its most celebrated heroes, Admiral Nelson. Another popular attraction among tourists is the D-day Museum, which displays artefacts from the Second World War.