Welcome to Gibraltar, a British overseas territory found near the southernmost end of the Iberian Peninsula. Overlooking the Strait of Gibraltar, only a short border separates Gibraltar from Spain. The name, Gibraltar, originated from the Arabic, Jabal Tāriq, which means ‘Mountain of Tariq’.
The residents of Gibraltar take pride in calling their territory ‘The Rock’. Among the things appreciated by tourists are Gibraltar’s flowering plants that are specially protected. The fascinating territory grows over 500 species of flora and fauna. Of particular note is the Gibraltar candytuft (Iberis gibraltarica), which thrives well in the region. Visitors recognise the aesthetic qualities of the wild trees that grow all around The Rock, among which are pine and old olive trees. Visitors relish Gibraltar’s upper region which is characterised by its nature reserve. Pay the Bay of Gibraltar a visit to enjoy and appreciate the sight of dolphins and whales. Gibraltar has a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and warm summers, and the territory’s climate features an eastern wind called the Levante and a western wind known as Poniente.