Alexander the Great founded the city of Alexandria in 331 BC and it is only 25 kilometres from Cairo. It is still today a beacon of culture in Egypt and many say that the atmosphere of the city is not so much Egyptian or Middle Eastern as Mediterranean. It was the home of the Pharos, a lighthouse that formed one of the Seven Wonders of the World and the scene of the relationship of Cleopatra and Mark Anthony. It was also the ancient world’s centre of learning and when it was discovered by Napoleon, it was barely a fishing village, it had declined so much.
By the 19th century, Alexandria had become the commercial and maritime centre of Egypt. Authors have immortalised the city and the city today has been influenced by Greeks and Italians alike. It is the commercial, cosmopolitan, and bohemian city that should be explored at random in order to see the sites in the right atmosphere. With hotels and hostels galore and plenty of restaurants to try, the city is yours for the taking at a leisurely pace.